"The race is not to the swift, nor the battle to the strong; but the God of
Israel is He that giveth strength and power unto His people. Trust in Him at all times, ye
people, pour out your hearts before him; God is a refuge for us.
"Charleston is laid in ashes. The battle began upon our entrenchments upon
Bunker's Hill, Saturday morning about 3 o'clock, and has not ceased yet, and it is now
three o'clock Sabbath afternoon. It is expected they will come out over the Neck tonight,
and a dreadful battle must ensue. Almighty God, cover the heads of our countrymen, and be
a shield to our dear friends..."
"A patriot without religion in my estimation is as great a paradox as an honest
Man without the fear of God. Is it possible that he whom no moral obligations bind, can
have any real Good Will towards Men? Can he be a patriot who, by an openly vicious
conduct, is undermining the very bonds of Society?....The Scriptures tell us
"righteousness exalteth a Nation."
"[America's] glory is not dominion, but liberty. Her march is in the march of
the mind. She has a spear and a shield: but the motto upon her shield is, FREEDOM,
INDEPENDENCE, PEACE. This has been her Declaration: this has been, as far as her necessary
intercourse with the rest of mankind would permit, her practice."
"[America] has . . . respected the independence of other nations while asserting
and maintaining her own. She has abstained from interference in the concerns of others,
even when conflict has been for principles to which she clings . . . Whenever the standard
of freedom and independence has been or shall be unfurled, there will her heart, her
benedictions and her prayers be. But she goes not abroad, in search of monsters to
destroy. She is well-wisher to the freedom and independence of all. She is the champion
and vindicator only of her own . . . She well knows that by once enlisting under other
banners than her own, were they even the banners of foreign independence, she would
involve herself beyond the power of extrication, in all the wars of interest and intrigue,
of individual avarice, envy, and ambition, which assume the colors and usurp the standard
of freedom. The fundamental maxims of her policy would insensibly change form liberty to
force . . . She might become the dictatress of the world . . . "
July 4, 1774
"We went to meeting at Wells and had the pleasure of hearing my friend upon "Be
not partakers in other men's sins. Keep yourselves pure.
"We...took our horses to the meeting in the afternoon and heard the minister again
upon "Seek first the kingdom of God and his righteousness, and all these things shall
be added unto you." There is great pleasure in hearing sermons so serious, so clear,
so sensible and instructive as these ...."
October 9, 1774
"This day I went to Dr. Allison's meeting in the afternoon, and heard the Dr. Francis
Allison . . . give a good discourse upon the Lord's Supper .... I had rather go to Church.
We have better sermons, better prayers, better speakers, softer, sweeter music, and
genteeler company. And I must confess that the Episcopal church is quite as agreeable to
my taste as the Presbyterian.... I like the Congregational way best, next to that the
"It is the duty of the clergy to accommodate their discourses to the times, to preach
against such sins as are most prevalent, and recommend such virtues as are most wanted.
For example, if exorbitant ambition and venality are predominant, ought they not to warn
their hearers against those vices? If public spirit is much wanted, should they not
inculcate this great virtue? If the rights and duties of Christian magistrates and
subjects are disputed, should they not explain them, show their nature, ends, limitations,
and restrictions, how muchsoever it may move the gall of Massachusetts."
June 21, 1776
"Statesmen, my dear Sir, may plan and speculate for liberty, but it is Religion and
Morality alone, which can establish the Principles upon which Freedom can securely stand.
"The only foundation of a free Constitution is pure Virtue, and if this cannot be
inspired into our People in a greater Measure, than they have it now, they may change
their Rulers and the forms of Government, but they will not obtain a lasting
July 1, 1776
"Before God, I believe the hour has come. My judgement approves this measure, and my
whole heart is in it. All that I have, and all that I am, and all that I hope in this
life, I am now ready here to stake upon it. And I leave off as I began, that live or die,
survive or perish, I am for the Declaration. It is my living sentiment, and by the
blessing of God it shall be my dying sentiment. Independence now, and Independence for
In a July 1, 1776 letter to Archibald Bullock, former member of the Continental
Congress from Georgia, Adams wrote:
"The object is great which We have in View, and We must expect a great expense of
blood to obtain it. But We should always remember that a free Constitution of civil
Government cannot be purchased at too dear a rate as there is nothing, on this side (of)
the New Jerusalem, of equal importance to Mankind."
July 3, 1776
"The second day of July, 1776, will be the most memorable epoch in the history of
America. I am apt to believe that it will be celebrated by succeeding generations as the
great anniversary Festival. It ought to be commemorated, as the Day of Deliverance, by
solemn acts of devotion to God Almighty. It ought to be solemnized with pomp and parade,
with shows, games, sports, guns, bells, bonfires and illuminations, from one end ofthis
continent to the other, from this time forward forever.
"You will think me transported with enthusiasm, but I am not. I am well aware of
the toil and blood and treasure that it will cost to maintain this Declaration, and
support and defend these States. Yet through all the gloom I can see the rays of ravishing
light and glory I can see that the end is worth more than all the means; that posterity
will triumph in that day's transaction, even though we [may regret] it, which I trust in
God we shall not."
In concern for his sons, John Adams advised his wife Abigail to:
"Let them revere nothing but Religion, Morality and Liberty."
Oct. 11, 1798 (Address to the military)
"We have no government armed with power capable of contending with human passions
unbridled by morality and religion. Avarice, ambition, revenge, or gallantry, would break
the strongest cords of our Constitution as a whale goes through a net. Our Constitution
was made only for a moral and religious people. It is wholly inadequate to the government
On March 6, 1799, President John Adams called for a National Fast Day.
"As no truth is more clearly taught in the Volume of Inspiration, nor any more
fully demonstrated by the experience of all ages, than that a deep sense and a due
acknowledgement of the growing providence of a Supreme Being and of the accountableness of
men to Him as the searcher of hearts and righteous distributer of rewards and punishments
are conducive equally to the happiness ofindividuals and to the well-being of
"I have thought proper to recommend, and I hereby recommend accordingly, that
Thursday, the twenty-fifth day of April next, be observed throughout the United States of
America as a day of solemn humiliation, fasting and prayer; that the citizens on that day
abstain, as far as may be, from their secular occupation, and devote the time to the
sacred duties of religion, in public and in private; that they call to mind our numerous
offenses against the most high God, confess them before Him with the sincerest penitence,
implore his pardoning mercy, through the Great Mediator and Redeemer, for our past
transgressions, and that through the grace of His Holy Spirit, we may be disposed and
enabled to yield a more suitable obedience to his righteous requisitions in time to come;
that He would interpose to arrest the progress of that impiety and licentiousness in
principle and practice so offensive to Himself and so ruinous to mankind; that He would
make us deeply sensible that "righteousness exalteth a nation but sin is a reproach
to any people" (Proverbs 14:34)"
On November 2, 1800, John Adams became the first president to move into the White
House. As he was writing a letter to his wife, he composed a beautiful prayer, which was
later engraved upon the mantel in the state dining room:
"I pray Heaven to bestow THE BEST OF BLESSINGS ON THIS HOUSE and All that shall
hereafter Inhabit it, May none but Honest and Wise Men ever rule under This Roof."
August 28, 1811
"Religion and virtue are the only foundations, not only of all free government,
but of social felicity under all governments and in all the combinations of human
June 28, 1813
"Now I will avow, that I then believe, and now believe, that those general
Principles of Christianity, are as eternal and immutable, as the Existence and Attributes
of God; and that those Principles of liberty, are as unalterable as human Nature and our
terrestrial, mundane System."
In a letter to Thomas Jefferson, John Adams wrote:
"Have you ever found in history, one single example of a Nation thoroughly
corrupted that was afterwards restored to virtue?... And without virtue, there can be no
political liberty....Will you tell me how to prevent riches from becoming the effects of
temperance and industry? Will you tell me how to prevent luxury from producing effeminacy,
intoxication, extravagance, vice and folly?...I believe no effort in favor is
In a letter dated November 4, 1816, John Adams wrote to Thomas Jefferson:
"The Ten Commandments and the Sermon on the Mount contain my religion..."
December 27, 1816
"As I understand the Christian religion, it was, and is, a revelation."
"Liberty cannot be preserved without a general knowledge among the people, who
have...a right, an indisputable, unalienable, indefeasible, divine right to that most
dreaded and envied kind of knowledge, I mean the character and conduct of their
John Quincy Adams
"Duty is ours; results are God's."
September, 1811, in a letter to his son:
"I have myself, for many years, made it a practice to read through the Bible once
ever year.... My custom is, to read four to five chapters every morning immediately after
rising from my bed. I employs about an hour of my time...."
July 4, 1821
"The highest glory of the American Revolution was this; it connected in one
indissoluble bond the principles of civil government with the principles of Christianity.
"From the day of the Declaration...they (the American people) were bound by the
laws of God, which they all, and by the laws of The Gospel, which they nearly all,
acknowledge as the rules of their conduct."
July 4, 1837
"Why is it that, next to the birthday of the Savior of the World, your most joyous
and most venerated festival returns on this day. Is it not that, in the chain of human
events, the birthday of the nation is indissolubly linked with the birthday ofthe Savior?
That it forms a leading event in the Progress of the Gospel dispensation? Is it not that
the Declaration of Independence first organized the social compact on the foundation ofthe
Redeemer's mission upon earth? That it laid the cornerstone of human government upon the
first precepts of Christianity and gave to the world the first irrevocable pledge of the
fulfillment of the prophecies announced directly from Heaven at the birth of the Saviour
and predicted by the greatest of the Hebrew prophets 600 years before."
"I speak as a man of the world to men of the world; and I say to you, Search the
Scriptures! The Bible is the book of all others, to be read at all ages, and in all
conditions of human life; not to be read in small portions of one or two chapters every
day, and never to be intermitted, unless by some overruling necessity."
"Posterity--you will never know how much it has cost my generation to preserve
your freedom. I hope you will make good use of it."
February 27, 1844
"The Bible carries with it the history of the creation, the fall and redemption of
man, and discloses to him, in the infant born at Bethlehem, the Legislator and Savior of
"If ye love wealth better than liberty, the tranquility of servitude than the
animated contest of freedom -- go home from us in peace. We ask not your counsels or arms.
Crouch down and lick the hands which feed you. May your chains sit lightly upon you, and
may posterity forget that you were our countrymen!"
"Among the natural rights of the colonists are these: first, a right to life;
second, to liberty; third, to property; together with the right to support and defend them
in the best manner they can. These are evident branches of ... the duty of
self-preservation, commonly called the first law of nature. All men have a right to remain
in a state of nature as long as they please; and in case of intolerable oppression, civil
or religious, to leave the society they belong to, and ernter into another.... Now what
liberty can there be where property is taken away without consent?" (Nov 20, 1772)
"The rights of the colonists as Christians...may be best understood by reading and
carefully studying the institution of The Great Law Giver and Head of the Christian
Church, which are to be found clearly written and promulgated in the New Testament."
(From The Rights of Colonists, 1772)
As the Declaration of Independence was being signed, 1776, Samuel Adams declared:
"We have this day restored the Sovereign to Whom all men ought to be obedient. He
reigns in heaven and from the rising to the setting of the sun, let His kingdom
"He therefore is the truest friend to the liberty of this country who tries most
to promote its virtue, and who, so far as his power and influence extend, will not suffer
a man to be chosen into any office of power and trust who is not a wise and virtuous
man....The sum of all is, if we would most truly enjoy this gift of Heaven, let us become
a virtuous people."
"He who is void of virtuous attachments in private life is, or very soon will be,
void of all regard for his country. There is seldom an instance of a man guilty of
betraying his country, who had not before lost the feeling of moral obligations in his
private connections." --in a letter to James Warren, Nov. 4, 1775--
"The said constitution shall never be construed to authorize congress to prevent
the people of the United States who are peaceable citizens from keeping their own
Samuel Adams wrote in his Will:
"Principally, and first of all, I resign my soul to the Almighty Being who gave
it, and my body I commit to the dust, relying on the merits of Jesus Christ for the pardon
of my sins."
(Author of the First Amendment)
"Should not the Bible regain the place it once held as a schoolbook? Its morals
are pure, its examples are captivating and noble....In no Book is there so good English,
so pure and so elegant, and by teaching all the same they will speak alike, and the Bible
will justly remain the standard of language as well as of faith."
(Founder of the University of Georgia)
"It should therefore be among the first objects of those who wish well to the
national prosperity to encourage and support the principles of religion and morality, and
early to place the youth under the forming hand of society, that by instruction they may
be molded to the love of virtue and good order."
Sir William Blackstone
(Blackstone's Commentaries on the Law was the recognized authority on the law for
well over a century after 1776)
"Man, considered as a creature, must necessarily be subject to the laws of his
Creator, for he is entirely a dependent being....And, consequently, as man depends
absolutely upon his Maker for everything, it is necessary that he should in all points
conform to his Maker's will...this will of his Maker is called the law of nature. These
laws laid down by God are the eternal immutable laws of good and evil...This law of nature
dictated by God himself, is of course superior in obligation to any other. It is binding
over all the globe, in all countries, and at all times: no human laws are of any validity
if contrary to this...
"The doctrines thus delivered we call the revealed or divine law, and they are to
be found only in the holy scriptures...[and] are found upon comparison to be really part
of the original law of nature. Upon these two foundations, the law of nature and the law
of revelation, depend all human laws; that is to say, no human laws should be suffered to
"Blasphemy against the Almighty is denying his being or providence, or uttering
contumelious reproaches on our Savior Christ. It is punished, at common law by fine and
imprisonment, for Christianity is part of the laws of the land.
"If [the legislature] will positively enact a thing to be done, the judges are not
at liberty to reject it, for that were to set the judicial power above that of the
legislature, which should be subversive of all government."
"The preservation of Christianity as a national religion is abstracted from its
own intrinsic truth, of the utmost consequence to the civil state, which a single instance
will sufficiently demonstrate.
"The belief of a future state of rewards and punishments, the entertaining just
ideas of the main attributes ofthe Supreme Being, and a firm persuasion that He
superintends and will finally compensate every action in human life (all which are
revealed in the doctrines of our Savior, Christ), these are the grand foundations of all
judicial oaths, which call God to witness the truth of those facts which perhaps may be
only known to Him and the party attesting; all moral evidences, therefore, all confidence
in human veracity, must be weakened by apostasy, and overthrown by total infidelity.
"Wherefore, all affronts to Christianity, or endeavors to depreciate its efficacy,
in those who have once professed it, are highly deserving of censure."
"By our form of government, the Christian religion is the established
religion; and all sects and denominations of Christians are placed upon the same equal
footing, and are equally entitled to protection in their religious liberty."
"They that would give up essential liberty for a little temporary safety
deserve neither liberty nor safety."
Congressional Congress, 1787
"I have lived, Sir, a long time, and the longer I live, the more convincing proofs
I see of this truth--that God Governs the affairs of men. And if a sparrow cannot fall to
the ground without His notice, is it probable that an empire can rise without His aid?
"We have been assured, Sir, in the Sacred Writings, that "except the Lord
build the House, they labor in vain that build it." I firmly believe this; and I also
believe that without his concurring aid we shall succeed in this political building no
better than the Builders of Babel: We shall be divided by our partial local interests; our
projects will be confounded, and we ourselves shall become a reproach and bye word down to
future ages. And what is worse, mankind may hereafter from this unfortunate instance,
despair of establishing Governments by Human wisdom and leave it to chance, war and
"I therefore beg leave to move--that henceforth prayers imploring the assistance
of Heaven, and its blessing on our deliberations, be held in this Assembly every morning
before we proceed to business, and that one or more of the clergy of this city be
requested to officiate in that service."
In 1748, as Pennsylvania's Governor, Benjamin Franklin proposed Pennsylvania's first
"It is the duty of mankind on all suitable occasions to acknowledge their
dependence on the Divine Being... [that] Almighty God would mercifully interpose and still
the rage of war among the nations...[and that] He would take this province under his
protection, confound the designs and defeat the attempts of its enemies, and unite our
hearts and strengthen our hands in every undertaking that may be for the public good, and
for our defense and security in this time of danger."
"I never doubted, for instance, the existence of the Deity; that he made the
world, and governed it by his Providence; that the most acceptable service of God was the
doing good to man; that our souls are immortal; and that all crime will be punished, and
virtue rewarded either here or hereafter.
"Freedom is not a gift bestowed upon us by other men, but a right that belongs to
us by the laws of God and nature.
"The pleasures of this world are rather from God's goodness than our own
Benjamin Franklin, in July of 1776, was appointed part of a committee to draft a
seal for the newly united states which would characterize the spirit of this new nation.
"Moses lifting up his wand, and dividing the Red Sea, and Pharaoh in his chariot
overwhelmed with the waters. This motto: 'Rebellion to tyrants is obedience to God."
"A Bible and a newspaper in every house, a good school in every district--all
studied and appreciated as they merit--are the principal support of virtue, morality, and
Ben Franklin wrote a pamphlet called, "Information to Those who would Remove to
America." It was intended to be a guide for Europeans who were thinking of relocating
in America. In it he said:
"Hence bad examples to youth are more rare in America, which must be comfortable
consideration to parents. To this may be truly added, that serious religion, under its
various denominations, is not only tolerated, but respected and practiced.
"Atheism is unknown there; Infidelity rare and secret; so that persons may live to
a great age in that country without having their piety shocked by meeting with either an
Atheist or an Infidel.
"And the Divine Being seems to have manifested his approbation of the mutual
forbearance and kindness with which the different sects treat each other; by the
remarkable prosperity with which he has been pleased to favor the whole country."
"Here is my Creed. I believe in one God, the Creator of the Universe. That He
governs it by His Providence. That he ought to be worshipped."
Benjamin Franklin wrote his own epitaph:
"THE BODY of BENJAMIN FRANKLIN Printer
Like the cover of an old book,
Its contents torn out,
And stripped of its lettering and gilding
Lies here, food for worms;
Yet the work itself shall not be lost,
For it will (as he believed) appear once more,
In a new,
And more beautiful edition,
Corrected and amended
By the AUTHOR"
(Co-Author of the Federalist Papers)
It was desirable that the sense of the people should operate in the choice of the
person to whom so important a trust (the office of President) was to be confided....
Nothing was more to be desired than that every practicable obstacle should be opposed to
cabal, intrigue, and corruption.... The process of election affords a moral certainty that
the office of President will never fall to the lot of any man who is not in an eminent
degree endowed with the requisite qualifications.... It will not be too strong to say that
there be constant probability of seeing the station filled by characters preeminent for
ability and virtue...." ( In Federalist No. 68)
"I now offer you the outline of the plan they have suggested. Let an association
be formed to be denominated 'The Christian Constitutional Society,' its object to be
first: The support of the Christian religion. second: The support of the United States.
"I have carefully examined the evidences of the Christian religion, and if I was
sitting as a juror upon its authenticity I would unhesitatingly give my verdict in its
favor. I can prove its truth as clearly as any proposition ever submitted to the mind of
"A...virtuous citizen will regard his own country as a wife, to whom he is bound
to be exclusively faithful and affectionate; and he will watch...every propensity of his
heart to wander towards a foreign country, which he will regard as a mistress that may
pervert his fidelity."
April 15, 1775
"In circumstances dark as these, it becomes us, as Men and Christians, to reflect
that, whilst every prudent Measure should be taken to ward off the impending
Judgements....All confidence must be withheld from the Means we use; and reposed only on
that GOD who rules in the Armies of Heaven, and without whose Blessing the best human
Counsels are but Foolishness--and all created Power Vanity;
"It is the Happiness of his Church that, when the Powers of Earth and Hell combine
against it...that the Throne of Grace is of the easiest access--and its Appeal thither is
graciously invited by the Father of Mercies, who has assured it, that when his Children
ask Bread he will not give them a Stone....
"RESOLVED, That it be, and hereby is recommended to the good People of this Colony
of all Denominations, that THURSDAY the Eleventh Day of May next be set apart as a Day of
Public Humiliation, Fasting and Prayer...to confess the sins...to implore the Forgiveness
of all our Transgression...and a blessing on the Husbandry, Manufactures, and other lawful
Employments of this People; and especially that the union of the American Colonies in
Defense of their Rights (for hitherto we desire to thank Almighty GOD) may be preserved
and confirmed....And that AMERICA may soon behold a gracious Interposition of
By Order of the [Massachusetts] Provincial
Congress, John Hancock, President.
March 23, 1775
"Is life so dear, or peace so sweet, as to be purchased at the price of chains and
slavery? Forbid it, Almighty God! I know not what course others may take; but as for me,
give me liberty or give me death!"
"It cannot be emphasized too strongly or too often that this great nation was
founded, not by religionists, but by Christians; not on religions, but on the Gospel of
Jesus Christ. For this very reason peoples of other faiths have been afforded asylum,
prosperity, and freedom of worship here."
"The Bible is worth all other books which have ever been printed."
"Bad men cannot make good citizens. A vitiated state of morals, a corrupted public
conscience are incompatible with freedom."
"It is when people forget God that tyrants forge their chains."
"The great object is that every man be armed. Everyone who is able may have a
On November 20, 1798, in his Last Will and Testament, Patrick Henry wrote:
"This is all the inheritance I give to my dear family. The religion of Christ will
give them one which will make them rich indeed."
(America's first Supreme Court Chief Justice and Co-Author of the Federalist
October 12, 1816
"Providence has given to our people the choice of their rulers, and it is the
duty, as well as the privilege and interest of our Christian nation to select and prefer
Christians for their rulers.
In his Last Will and Testament, John Jay wrote:
"Unto Him who is the author and giver of all good, I render sincere and humble
thanks for His merciful and unmerited blessings, and especially for our redemption and
salvation by his beloved Son."
"I think this is the most extraordinary collection of talent, of human
knowledge, that has ever been gathered together at the White House, with the possible
exception of when Thomas Jefferson dined alone."
John F. Kennedy to Nobel Prize winners of the Western Hemisphere, at a White House
function, April 29, 1962
"And I sincerely believe, with you, that banking establishments are more dangerous
than standing armies; and that the principle of spending money to be paid by posterity,
under the name of funding, is but swindling futurity on a large scale."
Thomas Jefferson to John Taylor, Monticello, 28 May 1816. Ford 11:533
"I think our governments will remain virtuous for many centuries; as long as they
are chiefly agricultural; and this will be as long as there shall be vacant lands in any
part of America. When they get piled upon one another in large cities, as in Europe, they
will become corrupt as in Europe."
Thomas Jefferson to James Madison, December 20, 1787
"Self-love . . . is the sole antagonist of virtue, leading us constantly by our
propensities to self-gratification in violation of our moral duties to others."
"(If a) people (are) so demoralized and depraved as to be incapable of exercising
a wholesome control, their reformation must be taken up ab incunablis (from the
beginning). Their minds (must) be informed by education what is right and what wrong,
(must) be encouraged in habits of virtue and deterred from those of vice by the dread of
punishments, proportioned indeed, but irremissible. In all cases, (they must) follow truth
as the only safe guide and eschew error which bewilders us in one false consequence after
another in endless succession. These are the inculcations necessary to render the people a
sure basis for the structure of order and good government."
In a letter to John Adams in 1819
"He who permits himself to tell a lie once, finds it much easier to do it a second
and third time, till at length it becomes habitual; he tells lies without attending to it,
and truths without the world's believing him. This falsehood of the tongue leads to that
of the heart, and it time depraves all its good dispositions." (1785)
"I never ... believed there was one code of morality for a public and another for
a private man."
In a letter to Don Valentine de Feronda, 1809
"It is incumbent on every generation to pay its own debts as it goes. A principle
which if acted on would save one-half the wars of the world."
Thomas Jefferson to A. L. C. Destutt de Tracy, 1820.
"I predict future happiness for Americans if they can prevent the government from
wasting the labors of the people under the pretense of taking care of them."
"My reading of history convinces me that most bad government has grown out of too
Senator John Sharp Williams, Thomas Jefferson: His Permamnent
Influence on American Institutions, p.49 (1913). Lecture delivered at Columbia
University, New York City, 1912.
"To compel a man to subsidize with his taxes the propagation of ideas which he
disbelieves and abhors is sinful and tyrannical."
"And I sincerely believe, with you, that banking establishments are more dangerous
than standing armies; and that the principle of spending money to be paid by posterity,
under the name of funding, is but swindling futurity on a large scale."
Letter to John Taylor, May 28, 1816
"The only foundation for useful education in a republic is to be laid in
"God who gave us life gave us liberty. And can the liberties of a nation be
thought secure when we have removed their only firm basis, a conviction in the minds of
the people that these liberties are of the Gift of God? That they are not to be violated
but with His wrath? Indeed, I tremble for my country when I reflect that God is just, that
His justice cannot sleep forever."
"To the corruptions of Christianity I am, indeed, opposed; but not to the genuine
precepts of Jesus himself. I am a Christian in the only sense in which he wished any one
to be; sincerely attached to his doctrines in preference to all others..."
"I consider the doctrines of Jesus as delivered by himself to contain the outlines
of the sublimest system of morality that has ever been taught but I hold in the most
profound detestation and execration the corruptions of it which have been
As President, Thomas Jefferson not only signed bills which appropriated financial
support for chaplains in Congress and in the armed services, but he also signed the
Articles of War, April 10, 1806, in which he:
"Earnestly recommended to all officers and soldiers, diligently to attend divine
In a letter to Horatio G. Spafford, dated March 17, 1814, Thomas Jefferson wrote:
"Merchants have no country. The mere spot they stand on does not constitute so
strong an attachment as that from which they draw their gains."
"A more beautiful or precious morsel of ethics I have never seen; it is a document
in proof that I am a real Christian; that is to say, a disciple of the doctrines of
"I have always said, I always will say, that the studious perusal of the sacred
volume will make better citizens, better fathers, and better husbands."
Jefferson declared that religion is: "Deemed in other countries
incompatible with good government and yet proved by our experience to be its best
"If a nation expects to be ignorant and free, in a state of civilization, it
expects what never was and never will be."
"No freeman shall ever be debarred the use of arms."
Thomas Jefferson, while writing the 1st draft of the Virginia State
"The tree of liberty must be refreshed from time to time with the blood of
patriots and tyrants."
"In questions of power, then, let no more be heard of confidence in man, but bind
him down from mischief by the chains of the Constitution."
Jefferson's "separation of church & state letter written to the Baptists
in Danbury, Connecticut on January 1, 1802
The affectionate sentiments of esteem and approbation which are so good to express
towards me, on behalf of the Danbury Association, give me the highest satisfaction. My
duties dictate a faithful and zealous pursuit of the interests of my constituents, and in
proportion as they are persuaded of my fidelity to those duties, the discharge of them
becomes more and more pleasing.
Believing with you that religion is a matter which lies solely between man and his God;
that he owes account to none other for his faith or his worship; that the legislative
powers of the government reach actions only, and not opinions, I contemplate with
sovereign reverence that act of the whole American people which declared that their
legislature should 'make no law respecting an establishment of religion, of prohibiting
the free excercise thereof,' thus building a wall of separation between church and state.
Adhering to this expression of the supreme will of the nation in behalf of the rights of
conscience, I shall see with sincere satisfaction the progress of those sentiments which
tend to restore man to all of his natural rights, convinced he has no natural right in
opposition to his social duties.
I reciprocate your kind prayers for the protection and blessings of the common Father
and Creator of man, and tender you and your religious association, assurances of my high
respect and esteem."
Francis Scott Key
February 22, 1812
"The patriot who feels himself in the service of God, who acknowledges Him in all
his ways, has the promise of Almighty direction, and will find His Word in his greatest
darkness, a lantern to his feet and a lamp unto his paths.' He will therefore seek to
establish for his country in the eyes of the world, such a character as shall make her not
unworthy of the name of a Christian nation...."
(Architect of the U.S. Constitution & Co-Author of the Federalist Papers)
"History records that the money changers have used every form of abuse, intrigue,
deceit, and violent means possible to maintain their control over governments by
controlling the money and its issuance."
"There are more instances of the abridgement of the freedom of the of the people by
the gradual and silent encroachment of those in power, than by violent an sudden
"[It] is indispensable that some provision should be made for defending the
Community agst [against] the incapicity, negligence or perfidy of the chief
From his notes
Note: Perfidy is defined as "The quality or state of being faithless or
"Cursed be all that learning that is contrary to the cross of Christ."
"Religion [is] the basis and Foundation of Government."
"It is the duty of every man to render to the Creator such homage....Before any
man can be considered as a member of Civil Society, he must be considered as a subject of
the Governor of the Universe."
"We have staked the whole future of American civilization, not upon the power of
government, far from it. We have staked the future of all of our political institutions
upon the capacity of each and all of us to govern ourselves, to control ourselves, to
sustain ourselves according to the Ten Commandments of God."
"No point is of more importance than that the right of impeachment should be
continued. Shall any man be above Justice?
"... If the people should elect, they will never fail to prefer some man of
distinguished character, or services; some man, if he might so speak of continental
reputation... a notoriety and eminence of character... to merit this high trust ... an
Executive Magistrate of distinguished character... an object of general attention and
"Religion is the only solid basis of good morals; therefore education should teach
the precepts of religion, and the duties of man toward God."
"Americans need never fear their government because of the advantage of being
armed, which the Americans possess over the people of almost every other nation."
Dr. Jedidah Morse
"To the kindly influence of Christianity, we owe that degree of civil freedom,
and political and social happiness which mankind now enjoy. In proportion, as the genuine
effects of Christianity are diminished in any nation, either through unbelief, or the
corruption of its doctrines, or the neglect of its institutions; in the same proportion
will the people of the nation recede from the blessings of genuine freedom and approximate
the miseries of complete despotism." (1799)
John Peter Muhlenberg
(He was elected as a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses in 1774, and was a
30-year-old pastor who preached on the Christian's responsibility to be involved in
securing freedom for America. He was the son of Henry Muhlenberg, one of the founders of
the Lutheran Church in America.)
In 1775, after preaching a message on Ecclesiastes 3:1, "For everything there is a
season, and a time for every matter under heaven," John Peter Muhlenberg closed his
message by saying:
"In the language of the Holy Writ, there is a time for all things. There is a time
to preach and a time to fight."
He then threw off his robes to reveal the uniform of a soldier in the Revolutionary
Army. That afternoon, at the head of 300 men, he marched off to join General Washington's
troops, becoming Colonel of the 8th Virginia Regiment. He served until the end of the war
being promoted to the rank of Major-general. In 1785 he became the Vice-President of
Pennsylvania and in 1790 was a member ofthe Pennsylvania Constitutional Convention. He
then served as a U.S. Congressman from Pennsylvania and in 1801 was elected to the U. S.
"THESE are the times that try men's souls. The summer soldier and the sunshine
patriot will, in this crisis, shrink from the service of their country; but he that stands
by it now, deserves the love and thanks of man and woman. Tyranny, like hell, is not
easily conquered; yet we have this consolation with us, that the harder the conflict, the
more glorious the triumph. What we obtain too cheap, we esteem too lightly: it is dearness
only that gives every thing its value. Heaven knows how to put a proper price upon its
goods; and it would be strange indeed if so celestial an article as FREEDOM should not be
highly rated. Britain, with an army to enforce her tyranny, has declared that she has a
right (not only to TAX) but "to BIND us in ALL CASES WHATSOEVER" and if being
bound in that manner, is not slavery, then is there not such a thing as slavery upon
earth. Even the expression is impious; for so unlimited a power can belong only to
God." "Those who expect to reap the blessings of freedom must, like men, undergo
the fatigue of supporting it."
"Tyranny, like hell, is not easily conquered; yet we have this consolation with
us, that the harder the conflict, the more glorious the triumph.
"What we obtain too cheaply, we esteem too lightly; 'tis dearness only that gives
everything its value. Heaven knows how to put a price upon its goods; and it would be
strange indeed if so celestial an article as freedom should not be highly rated.
"The cause of America is in a great measure the cause of all mankind. Where, some
say, is the king of America? I'll tell you, friend, He reigns above.
"Yet that we may not appear to be defective even in earthly honors, let a day be
solemnly set apart for proclaiming the charter; let it be placed on the divine law, the
Word of God; let a crown be placed thereon.
"The Almighty implanted in us these inextinguishable feelings for good and wise
purposes. They are the guardians of His image in our heart. They distinguish us from the
herd of common animals."
"I would give worlds, if I had them, if The Age of Reason had never been
published. O Lord, help! Stay with me! It is hell to be left alone."
"I die in perfect composure and resignation to the will of my Creator, God."
(Founder of Pennsylvania)
"If thou wouldst rule well, thou must rule for God, and to do that, thou must be
ruled by him....Those who will not be governed by God will be ruled by tyrants."
"Blandishments will not fascinate us, nor will threats of a "halter"
intimidate. For, under God, we are determined that wheresoever, whensoever, or howsoever
we shall be called to make our exit, we will die free men."
"By removing the Bible from schools we would be wasting so much time and money
in punishing criminals and so little pains to prevent crime. Take the Bible out of our
schools and there would be an explosion in crime."
"I have alternately been called an Aristocrat and a Democrat. I am neither. I am a
(He was the British Governor of Connecticut who had been appointed by King George
III. He was also the father of the famous Revolutionary artist of the same name. Jonathan
Trumbull became sympathetic to the American cause in 1773.)
"If you ask an American, who is his master? He will tell you he has none, nor any
governor but Jesus Christ."
George Washington And Free Masonary
"... So far as I am acquainted with the principles and Doctrines of Free Masonry,
I conceive them to be founded on benevolence and to be exercised for the good of mankind.
If it has been a Cloak to promote improper or nefarious objects, it is a melancholly proof
that in unworthy hands, the best institutions may be made use of to promote the worst
Rev. G.W. Snyder, who said he was with the Reformed Church of Fredericktown,
Maryland,(46) sent Washington a letter on August 22, 1798, saying, "a Society of Free
Masons, that distinguished itself by the name of 'Illuminati,' whose Plan is to over throw
all Government and all Religion....it might be within your power to prevent the Horrid
plan from corrupting the brethren of the English Lodges over which you preside."(47)
September 25, 1798, Washington wrote a letter to Snyder, including the following
language, referring to Masonic lodges:
"... to correct an error ..., of my presiding over English Lodges in this country.
The fact is I preside over none, nor have I been in one more than once or twice within the
last thirty years...."(48)
October 24, 1798
Washington wrote another letter to Rev. Snyder, after Snyder responded to Washington's
previous letter. Washington included the following language in this letter:
"... [referring to] the doctrines of the Illuminati, and principles of Jacobism
... in the United States....I did not believe that the Lodges of Freemasons in this
Country had, as Societies, endeavored to propagate the diabolical tenets of the first, or
the pernicious principles of the latter.... That individuals of them may have done it ...
is too evident to be questioned...."(49)
George Washington may have attended, at most, 9 Lodge meetings in his entire life after
he became a Master Mason, plus a few other Masonic Lodge events (not Lodge meetings) as
listed. There is no proof that he attended several of the events in this list, just claims
by Masons who may have been basing their claims on rumors.
Washington admired the principles and goals of Freemasonry, but he was not very
familiar with them and did not attempt to learn more about Freemasonry.
Washington wrote letters indicating that he was happy to be a Mason; presided in a
major Masonic ceremony laying the cornerstone of the U.S. Capitol in Masonic regalia, and
possibly in some other Masonic ceremonies; never sought to resign or repudiate his Masonic
membership; and did not say or do anything negative toward Freemasonry, other than that
some Masons promoted the radicalism of the French Revolution (as did others).
However, there is little or no evidence that Washington attended many Masonic lodge
meetings in his whole life after becoming a Mason 1753.
Washington attended at most 3 meetings, possibly fewer or none (he may have attended
dinners but not the preceding meetings), of the lodge that today is called
Alexandria-Washington Lodge #22, and of which he was the first Master under its Virginia
Charter. While he was Master of that lodge, he did not do anything to assist the work of
the lodge, and he attended, at most, one meeting (if he attended that one), when officers
were reelected. There is no indication that he actually presided as Master on that
occasion and it is unlikely that he did so. Paintings and sculpture showing Washington
presiding as a Master of that or any other Masonic lodge are probably based only on
Some Masons may have gotten carried away with their delight that the most eminent
citizen of the United States, George Washington, joined the Freemasons when we was very
young and continued to be a member throughout his life and wrote letters supporting
Freemasonry, and they may have attempted to portray him as an active and enthusiastic
member of the Craft even though the evidence indicates that he was not.
George Washington was apparently a Mason who was not very interested in attending lodge
meetings, although there is considerable evidence that he was happy to be a member and
publicly supported Freemasonry.
George Washington quotes continued:
"It is not my intention to doubt that the doctrine of the Illuminati and the
principles of Jacobinism had not spread in the United States. On the contrary, no one is
more satisfied of this fact than I am.
The idea that I meant to convey, was, that I did not believe that the Lodges of Free
Masons in _this_ Country had, as Societies, endeavoured to propagate the diabolical tenets
of the first, or pernicious principles of the latter (if they are susceptible of
separation). That Individuals of them may have done it, or that the founder, or instrument
employed to found, the Democratic Societies in the United States, may have had these
objects; and actually had a separation of the People from their Government in view, is too
evident to be questioned."
"My ardent desire is, and my aim has been...to comply strictly with all our
engagements foreign and domestic; but to keep the United States free from political
connections with every other Country. To see that they may be independent of all, and
under the influence of none. In a word, I want an American character, that the powers of
Europe may be convinced we act for ourselves and not for others; this, in my judgment, is
the only way to be respected abroad and happy at home."
"Government is not reason; it is not eloqence; it is force! Like fire, it is a
dangerous servant and a fearful master."
"The thing that separates the American Christian from every other person on earth
is the fact that he would rather die on his feet, than live on his knees!"
From Washington's First Inaugural address, I hope that the foundation of
our national policy will be laid in the pure and immutable principles of private morality.
The preeminence of free government exemplifies by all the attributes which can win the
affections of its citizens and command the respect of the world."
"The General orders this day to be religiously observed by the forces under his
Command, exactly in manner directed by the Continental Congress. It is therefore strictly
enjoined on all officers and soldiers to attend Divine service, And it is expected that
all those who go to worship do take their arms, ammunition and accoutrements, and are
prepared for immediate action, if called upon."
"The time is now near at hand which must probably determine whether Americans are
to be freemen or slaves; whether they are to have any property they can call their own;
whether their houses and farms are to be pillaged and destroyed, and themselves consigned
to a state of wretchedness from which no human efforts will deliver them.
The fate of unborn millions will now depend. under God, on the courage of this army.
Our cruel and unrelenting enemy leaves us only the choice of brave resistance, or the most
abject submission. We have, therefore to resolve to conquer or die."
"While we are zealously performing the duties of good citizens and soldiers, we
certainly ought not to be inattentive to the higher duties of religion.
To the distinguished character of Patriot, it should be our highest Glory to laud the
more distinguished Character of Christian."
In his Inaugural Speech, April 30, 1789,
"...it would be peculiarly improper to omit, in this first official act, my
fervent supplications to that Almighty Being who rules over the universe, who presides in
the councils of nations and whose providential aids can supply every human defect, that
His benediction may consecrate to the liberties and happiness of the people of the United
States a Government instituted by themselves for these essential purposes...."
"No people can be bound to acknowledge and adore the Invisible Hand which conducts
the affairs of men more than the people of the United States."
October 3, 1789, National Day of Thanksgiving
"Whereas it is the duty of all nations to acknowledge the providence of Almighty
God, to obey His will, to be grateful for his benefits, and humbly to implore His
protection and favor....
"Now, therefore, I do recommend and assign Thursday, the twenty-sixth day of
November next, to be devoted by the people of these United States...
"that we then may all unite unto him our sincere and humble thanks for His kind
care and protection ofthe people of this country previous to their becoming a nation; for
the signal and manifold mercies and the favorable interpositions of His providence in the
course and conclusion of the late war;
"for the great degree of tranquility, union, and plenty which we have since
enjoyed; for the peaceable and rational manner in which we have been enabled to establish
constitutions of government for our safety and happiness, and particularly the national
one now lately instituted; for the civil and religious liberty with which we are
"And also that we may then unite in most humbly offering our prayers and
supplications to the great Lord and Ruler of Nations, and beseech him to pardon our
national and other transgressions...to promote the knowledge and practice of the true
religion and virtue....
Given under my hand, at the city of New York, the 3rd of October, A.D. 1789"
George Washington's personal prayer book, consisting of 24 pages in his field
notebook, written in his own handwriting, reveal the depth of his character:
"SUNDAY MORNING....Almighty God, and most merciful Father, who didst command the
children of Israel to offer a daily sacrifice to Thee, that thereby they might glorify and
praise Thee for Thy protection both night and day, receive O Lord, my morning sacrifice
which I now offer up to thee;
"I yield Thee humble and hearty thanks, that Thou hast preserved me from the
dangers of the night past and brought me to the Light of this day, and the comfort
thereof, a day which is consecrated to Thine own service and for Thine own honour.
"Let my heart therefore gracious God be so affected with the glory and majesty of
it, that I may not do mine own works but wait on Thee, and discharge those weighty duties
Thou required of me: and since Thou art a God of pure eyes, and will be sanctified in all
who draw nearer to Thee, who dost not regard the sacrifice of fools, nor hear sinners who
tread in Thy courts, pardon I beseech Thee, my sins, remove them from Thy presence, as far
as the east is from the west, and accept of me for the merits of Thy son Jesus Christ,
that when I come into Thy temple and compass Thine altar, my prayer may come before Thee
as incense, and as I desire Thou wouldst hear me calling upon Thee in my prayers, so give
me peace to hear the calling on me in Thy word, that it may be wisdom, righteousness,
reconciliation and peace to the saving of my soul in the day ofthe Lord Jesus.
"Grant that I may hear it with reverence, receive it with meekness, mingle it with
faith, and that it may accomplish in me gracious God, the good work for which Thou hast
"Bless my family, kindred, friends and country, be our God and guide this day and
forever for His sake, who lay down in the grave and arose again for us, Jesus Christ our
"It is impossible to rightly govern the world without God and the Bible."
"It is impossible to account for the creation of the universe, without the agency
of a Supreme Being. It is impossible to govern the universe without the aid of a Supreme
Being. It is impossible to reason without arriving at a Supreme Being."
"Of all the dispositions and habits which lead to political prosperity, Religion
and morality are indispensable supports. In vain would that man claim the tribute of
Patriotism, who should labor to subvert these great Pillars of human happiness, these
firmest props of the duties of Men and Citizens."
Washington proclaimed firearms to be "the people's liberty teeth."
"There is no nation on earth powerful enough to accomplish our overthrow. Our
destruction, should it come at all, will be from anothe quarter. From the inattention of
the people to the concerns of their government, from their carelessness and negligence. I
must confess that I do apprehend some danger. I fear that they may place too implicit a
confidence in their public servants and fail properly to scrutinize their conduct; that in
this way they may be made the dupes of designing men and become the instruments of their
"Hold on, my friends, to the Constitution and to the Republic for which it stands.
Miracles do not cluster, and what has happened once in 6000 years, may not happen again.
Hold on to the Constitution, for if the American Constitution should fail, there will be
anarchy throughout the world."
"If we abide by the principles taught in the Bible, our country will go on
prospering and to prosper; but if we and our posterity neglect its instruction and
authority, no man can tell how sudden a catastrophe may ovenvhelm us and bury all our
glory in profound obscurity."
"Finally, let us not forget the religious character of our origin. Our fathers
were brought hither by their high veneration for the Christian religion. They journeyed by
its light, and labored in its hope. They sought to incorporate its principles with the
elements of their society, and to diffuse its influence through all their institutions,
civil, political, or literary.
"Let us cherish these sentiments, and extend this influence still more widely; in
full conviction that that is the happiest society which partakes in the highest degree of
the mild and peaceful spirit of Christianity."
"God grants liberty only to those who love it, and are always ready to guard and
"The hand that destroys the Constitution rends our Union asunder forever."
"Thank God! I--I also--am an American!"
"If religious books are not widely circulated among the masses in this country, I
do not know what is going to become of us as a nation. If truth be not diffused, error
will be; If God and His Word are not known and received, the devil and his works will gain
the ascendancy, If the evangelical volume does not reach every hamlet, the pages of a
corrupt and licentious literature will; If the power of the Gospel is not felt throughout
the length and breadth of the land, anarchy and misrule, degradation and misery,
corruption and darkness will reign without mitigation or end."
"I shall stand by the Union, and by all who stand by it. I shall do justice to the
whole country...in all I say, and act for the good of the whole country in all I do. I
mean to stand upon the Constitution. I need no other platform. I shall know but one
country. The ends I aim at shall be my country's, my God's, and Truth's. I was born an
American; I live an American; I shall die an American; and I intend to perform the duties
incumbent upon me in that character to the end of my career. I mean to do this with
absolute disregard of personal consequences.What are the personal consequences? What is
the individual man, with all the good or evil that may betide him, in comparison with the
good or evil which may befall a great country, and in the midst of great transactions
which concern that country's fate? Let the consequences be what they will, I am careless.
No man can suffer too much, and no man can fall too soon, if he suffer, or if he fall, in
the defense of the liberties and constitution of his country."
"This is the Book. I have read the Bible through many times, and now make it a
practice to read it through once every year. It is a book of all others for lawyers, as
well as divines; and I pity the man who cannot find in it a rich supply of thought and of
rules for conduct. It fits man for life--it prepares him for death."
When asked the question, "What is the greatest thought that ever passed through
your mind?" Daniel Webster responded:
"My accountability to God."
(The father of public education in America)
He declared government was responsible to:
"Discipline our youth in early life in sound maxims of moral, political, and
"Education is useless without the Bible."
"The Bible was America's basic text book in all fields."
"God's Word, contained in the Bible, has fumished all necessary rules to direct
"In my view, the Christian religion is the most important and one of the first
things in which all children, under a free government ought to be instructed....No truth
is more evident to my mind than that the Christian religion must be the basis of any
government intended to secure the rights and privileges of a free people."
In 1832, Noah Webster published his History of the United States, in which he wrote:
"The brief exposition of the constitution of the United States, will unfold to
young persons the principles of republican government; and it is the sincere desire of the
writer that our citizens should early understand that the genuine source of correct
republican principles is the Bible, particularly the New Testament or the Christian
"The religion which has introduced civil liberty is the religion of Christ and His
apostles, which enjoins humility, piety, and benevolence; which acknowledges in every
person a brother, or a sister, and a citizen with equal rights. This is genuine
Christianity, and to this we owe our free Constitutions of Government.
"The moral principles and precepts contained in the Scriptures ought to form the
basis of all of our civil constitutions and laws....All the miseries and evils which men
suffer from vice, crime, ambition, injustice, oppression, slavery and war, proceed from
their despising or neglecting the precepts contained in the Bible.
"When you become entitled to exercise the right of voting for public officers, let
it be impressed on your mind that God commands you to choose for rulers just men who will
rule in the fear of God. The preservation of a republican government depends on the
faithful discharge of this duty;
"If the citizens neglect their duty and place unprincipled men in office, the
government will soon be corrupted; laws will be made not for the public good so much as
for the selfish or local purposes;
"Corrupt or incompetent men will be appointed to execute the laws; the public
revenues will be squandered on unworthy men; and the rights of the citizens will be
violated or disregarded.
"If a republican government fails to secure public prosperity and happiness, it
must be because the citizens neglect the divine commands, and elect bad men to make and
administer the laws."
"Corruption of morals is rapid enough in any country without a bounty from
government. And...the Chief Magistrate of the United States should be the last man to
accelerate its progress."